An investigation of Internet privacy issues within social networking

Cyber crime and social media websites
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Criminals can use this information to track users' movements and map their patterns, resulting in a high numb du of scams on Facebook. Figure 4 also reveals that many users access Facebook through their mobile devices as smart devices have global-positioning sensors on them which can share location. Anyone can profile a user's daily routine from the frequency of their updates and location of their postings. Personal data are generated on a daily basis which makes it possible to track and profile such users. In some cases, picture or video uploads were personal in nature and displayed a user's car registration number or house number. This practice is not exclusive to Facebook as other sites such as Instagram also have such images. Some users also post pictures of friends and Facebook's facial recognition feature tags them automatically without their consent. An account was cloned and used to see if users could be lured by a fake account. Friend requests were sent out and as users responded, they were informed about the objective of this profile.

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The response rate to this page is shown in Figure 5. A total of 87 out of users had accepted the invitation at the time the results were retrieved. This attack was run over the course of 1 month. The users who responded did not verify the personal details to assess the veracity of the profile page.

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For example, users did not realise that the profile name and the name of the owner had been modified. It is common practice for Facebook users to either misspell their names purposely or use pseudo-names because they want to hide their identity, but this practice can also lead to users being tricked into accepting account impersonators. The attack indicates that a number of users on Facebook still lack privacy awareness. A short user survey was conducted to examine the privacy awareness of Facebook users.

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Of the 25 respondents, 20 agreed that they shared personal data on Facebook. These data consisted of addresses and travel plans which could be exploited by attackers. Most respondents admitted that they frequently uploaded pictures, 13 changed their status regularly, 10 commented and 7 respondents shared their location often - a finding which supports the results of the online observation regarding geo-location sharing.

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The results of the survey are shown in Figure 6. This may be because users do not know that these settings exist or may not know how to activate them, which may leave their personal data vulnerable to any potential profiling. The second short survey was to investigate whether users were willing to meet someone they connected with on Facebook.

A total population of 30 students were asked how they would respond to a request to meet in the real world. This willingness to trust a total stranger may lead to the users being defrauded or scammed by impersonators on Facebook.

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Based on the findings of this study, it is necessary for users to be trained on privacy settings on Facebook. Metadata such as location accompany posts and uploads that users create online and these 'extra data' can be used for surveillance or profiling purposes. While Facebook uses these metadata to tailor adverts that users see, they may also be misused by third parties. Someone could break into a user's home after obtaining the information on Facebook and studying their movement patterns from geo-location tags.

Facebook does have a comprehensive privacy policy in place to deal with some of these challenges. It covers issues such as how data are used, shared, viewed, changed, or removed.

The policy highlights that privacy is a shared responsibility and users need to be proactive as well. Despite this policy, many users are not aware of this contractual obligation and do not use privacy settings to secure their data. A conceptual model that reflects privacy and personal information on Facebook has been developed and is shown in Figure 9.

It was developed using the findings of the online observation, account cloning attack and user surveys. The aim of this model is to highlight the roles and responsibilities of users, site providers Facebook in this case and third parties i. The actors have a shared responsibility to protect and maintain the privacy of data. Users should make use of privacy settings to secure their data whenever they are online. Meanwhile Facebook is responsible for the provision of a secure platform and the enforcement of its privacy policy. Third parties must also ensure that personal data are not stolen or misused.

Pro-activeness is necessary for each of these responsibilities to be achieved. This study has revealed that users regularly post sensitive data, which can be used to track their movements and activities.

Privacy Topics

In this chapter, we discuss the main security and privacy issues associated with online social networks and investigate some attack models. Privacy concerns in Social Media site and its comparisons .. Late research has investigated the relationship between the online revelation of.

Most users are not aware that their posts and updates are in the public domain and can be easily accessed. It is necessary to raise users' privacy awareness to protect them from possible loss of property or surveillance. Privacy settings on Facebook should be simplified for users to understand and given more emphasis so they are used.

It is also important for laws that protect users' data to be enforced by regulators.

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Based on our findings, privacy awareness could be achieved through better user training on how to use privacy settings on Facebook. Users must be taught the different ways in which they can secure their personal information.

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There is little doubt advertising is the primary source of revenue Williamson, However, peer—reviewed published research still lacks an assessment of the impact of this medium Raacke and Bonds—Raacke, Lack of awareness among netizens, poor security features associated with these websites and overuse of social media has enabled cyber offenders to engulf these innocent people into fraudulent or any other criminal transactions. The approach used matters less than the result which holds that the content produced is coupled with the geographical location where the user produced it. The influence of advertisements on Facebook is so huge and obvious.

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Introduction to Social Media Investigation: A Hands-on Approach

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